Dr. Maria Montessori was the first woman physician in Italy.Her
interest as a physician was to care for mentally challenged children.
Basing her work on the principles evolved by two french doctors, Dr.
Montessori was successful in increasing the level of development of
these children to the extent where they could enter a mainstream school.
This led her to extend her research in the development of other
children. She observed that the natural aptitude of a child and his or
her potential for development were being overlooked and were not being
harnessed to bring about the greatest growth.
Dr. Montessori observed that nature had taken special care to give certain special sensitivities and a very receptive mind to aid the unconscious learning process that goes on in a child during infancy. Experimentation with the preschool children brought the understanding that this special ability could be conserved, aided and harnessed during the ensuing years of childhood-especially during 2 to 6 years in a well prepared environment that brings the world of knowledge, concepts and skills within the grasp of the child. In applying this idea, Dr. Montessori experienced that she had found a way to channel their willingness to learn, their spontaneity of interest and the driving inner energy which seemed to multiply with every fresh challenge.
is a technical word borrowed from the field of anthropology. It means
becoming a contributing member of society. Dr. Montessori used the term
normalization to distinguish one of the processes that she saw in her
work with the children at San Lorenzo in Rome. This process, the process
of normalization, occurs when development is proceeding normally. She
used the word normalization so that people would think that these
qualities belonged to all children and were not something special just
for a few. Normalization appears through the repetition of a three step
Preparationfor an activity which involves gathering together the material necessary to do the activity. The movement and the thought involved in the preparation serves to call the attention of the mind to begin to focus on the activity.
Concentrationon an activity which so engrosses the child that he or she reaches a deep level of engagement on the activity. This step is what all educators and parents recognize as important for education.
Self-reliance, which is characterized by a general feeling of satisfaction and well-being. It is thought that at this point some inner formation or integration of the person takes place as he masters a task, he becomes more self-reliant. In our Montessori groups, we see this third step as the time a child is putting away the materials, perhaps talking with friends, and is exhibiting a aura of satisfaction with himself and the world.
We recognize this cycle as the normal work cycle in a Montessori environment.
Children's Learning Center Montessori 2993 Crescent Way, Thousand Oaks, CA 91362 (805) 495-3903